Quantum mechanical simulations of nanoindentation of Al thin film
Q. Peng, X. Zhang and G. Lu
Computational Materials Science, 47, 769–774 (2010).


QCDFF is a multiscale modeling approach that can simulate multi-million atoms effectively via density functional theory (DFT). The method is based on the framework of quasicontinuum (QC) approach with DFT as its sole energetics formulation. The local QC energy is calculated by DFT with Cauchy-Born hypothesis and the nonlocal QC energy is determined by a self-consistent embedding approach, which couples nonlocal QC atoms to the vertices of the finite elements at the local QC region. The QCDFF method is applied to a nanoindentation study of an Al thin film in the presence and absence of Mg impurities. The results show that the randomly distributed Mg impurities can significantly increase the ideal and yield strength of the Al thin film.