M. Dobson, M. Luskin and C. Ortner
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200, 2697–2709 (2011).
Force-based atomistic-continuum hybrid methods are the only known pointwise consistent methods for coupling a general atomistic model to a finite-element continuum model. For this reason, and due to their algorithmic simplicity, force-based coupling methods have become a popular class of atomistic-continuum hybrid models as well as other types of multiphysics models. However, the recently discovered unusual stability properties of the linearized force-based quasicontinuum (QCF) approximation, especially its indefiniteness, present a challenge to the development of efficient and reliable iterative methods. We present analytic and computational results for the generalized minimal residual (GMRES) solution of the linearized QCF equilibrium equations. We show that the GMRES method accurately reproduces the stability of the force-based approximation and conclude that an appropriately preconditioned GMRES method results in a reliable and efficient solution method.