V. Iacobellis and K. Behdinan
Journal of Applied Mechanics, 80, 051003 (2013).
This paper presents a study of fracture in nickel using multiscale modeling. A comparison of six concurrent multiscale methods was performed in their application to a common problem using a common framework in order to evaluate each method relative to each other. Each method was compared in both a quasi-static case of crack tip deformation as well as a dynamic case in the study of crack growth. Each method was compared to the fully atomistic model with similarities and differences between the methods noted and reasons for these provided. The results showed a distinct difference between direct and handshake coupling methods. In general, for the quasi-static case, the direct coupling methods took longer to run compared to the handshake coupling methods but had less error with respect to displacement and energy. In the dynamic case, the handshake methods took longer to run, but had reduced error most notably when wave dissipation at the atomistic/continuum region was an issue. Comparing each method under common conditions showed that many similarities exist between each method that may be hidden by their original formulation. The comparison also showed the dependency on the application as well as the simulation techniques used in determining the performance of each method.