M. Ponga, M. Ortiz and M. P. Ariza
Mechanics of Materials, 90, 253–267 (2015).
We study dynamic nanovoid growth in copper single crystals under prescribed volumetric strain rates ranging from moderate ((epsilon) over dot = 10(5) s(-1)) to high ((epsilon) over dot = 10(10) s(-1)). We gain access to lower strain rates by accounting for thermal vibrations in an entropic sense within the framework of maximum-entropy non-equilibrium statistical mechanics. We additionally account for heat conduction by means of empirical atomic-level kinetic laws. The resulting mean trajectories of the atoms are smooth and can be integrated implicitly using large time steps, greatly in excess of those required by molecular dynamics. We also gain access to large computational cells by means of spatial coarse-graining using the quasicontinuum method. On this basis, we identify a transition, somewhere between 10(7) and 10(8) s(-1) between two regimes: a quasistatic regime characterized by nearly isothermal behavior and low dislocation velocities; and a dynamic regime characterized by nearly adiabatic conditions and high dislocation velocities. We also elucidate the precise mechanisms underlying dislocation emission from the nanovoids during cavitation. We additionally investigate the sensitivity of the results of the analysis to the choice of interatomic potential by comparing two EAM-type potentials.